May 8, 2019

Concussions are a hot topic, given recent discussions about football and the consequences of repeated head injuries for athletes. The problem extends well beyond professional-level sports to college and even high school sports that involve serious physical contact. Of...


How do I protect myself from a concussion? 

Protecting yourself from a concussion might be hard to do. After all, no one ever wants to get a concussion in the first place. However, you can take some precautions.

  • Wear the proper protective equipment for your speci...

September 15, 2016

CTE was initially described in 1928, whenever Dr. Harrison Martland described several boxers as having “punch drunk syndrome.” Over the following 75 years, several scientists reported similar findings within boxers and victims associated with brain trauma, but less tha...

September 7, 2016

While a TBI can happen to anyone, males and the youngest and oldest Americans are at greatest risk.

  • Males

In every age group, TBI rates are higher for males.

Males aged 0–4 years have the highest rates of TBI-related ED visits.

  • Young children (aged 0–4 years)


September 6, 2016

Closed head injury, even inside a mild form, is a number one cause of both short-term as well as long-term cognitive impairment associated with athletes, particularly those in tough sports such as soccer, boxing, soccer, rugby, lacrosse and hockey.

While most athletes w...

September 1, 2016

What is a Concussion?


A concussion is defined as a complex pathophysiological process that affects the brain, typically induced by trauma to the brain. It can be caused either by a direct blow to the head, or an indirect blow to the body, causing neurological impairm...

August 25, 2016

Weight status in children is determined by body mass index (BMI)-for-age percentiles. This calculates a child's weight category based on their age and BMI. A child is deemed overweight if their BMI-for-age percentile is over 85% and deemed obese if it is over 95%.


  • Childhood obesity has more than doubled in children and quadrupled in adolescents in the past 30 years.1, 2

  • The percentage of children aged 6–11 years in the United States who were obese increased from 7% in 1980 to nearly 18% in 2012. Similarly, the per...

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